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Animal husbandry

Animal husbandry

KARMUHIL ORGANIC FARMS

 

Animal Brief description of livestock activities (housing, grazing, fodder, medication…)
Heifer, bull and cows

 

01 bull,

15 cows,

38 calves

The Karmuhil Organic Farms has established Corina Cattle Farm in Vanmuhil Gardens:

Ø  The Cow Sheds are well built with pipes & angles as metal frame infrastructure,  light poly-eurythene roofing, holding a false roof beneath made of ‘coconut thatch cover’ for cooling effects, including electric ceiling fans, with granite slabs for flooring and mangers – the sheds and a surrounding area are enclosed inside a properly fenced in a specified farm land of about 2 acres of paddock area to include open space for the animals to move around.

Ø  Different kinds of Fodder Grass are harvested from the field bunds and fodder grasses grown inside the certified farm lands are fed to the heifers along with the dry fodder sorghum that are harvested from the non-certfied organic farms of Karmuhil Farmers of the Villages.

Goats 15 older,

38 young,

05 stud bulls

The Karmuhil Organic Farms has also established Adhisayam Adugal (Gaot Farm) in Vanmuhil Gardens along with the Corina Cattle Farm.

Ø  The Goat Sheds are put up with tree posts and metal fence material – the sheds are located inside a surrounding area enclosed and properly fenced in a specified farm land of about 2 acres of paddock area to include open space for the animals to move around.

Ø  The goats are of local breed well adopted to the local condition. They move freely during the day grazing in the vacant farm lands left uncultivated as part of crop rotation programs.

Ø  Grasses harvested from the field bunds and fodder grasses grown are fed along with the dry fodder sorghum that was harvested from the test sowing in the farm lands.

Ø  Being robust local breeds, there is no need for regular medical care. When necessary, professional assistance is sought and obtained from the authorized governmental agencies.

 

Horns

Here at Karmuhil Farms we value the therapeutic activity of cow horns and their role in enlivening our farm and therefore we do not participate in the practice of dehorning.

Origin of feed

The herd receives a combination of approximately 80% fodder and 20 % feed (grains and cereal). During the monsoon season the cattle and goats are given an increased amount of green fodder material.

 

Horns

Here at Karmuhil Farms we value the therapeutic activity of cow horns and their role in enlivening our farm and therefore we do not participate in the practice of dehorning.

Origin of feed

The herd receives a combination of approximately 80% fodder and 20 % feed (grains and cereal). During the monsoon season the cattle and goats are given an increased amount of green fodder material.

 

Animal health / wellbeing

All animals are treated in the first place by the staff of the cowshed and by the doctors of Muhil Health Center. We use different plant medicines. Antibiotics or chemical medicines are not being used. This is why there is no medical diary at present.

We are aware that if antibiotics would be applied, milk and meat of the treated animal cannot be consumed or sold during that time. It is mandatory that twice the legal withholding period (at least 48 hours) is to be observed according to the guidelines.

The goats are kept in a herd with a billy-goat. The kids are running with the goat herd, suckling. During nighttime they are kept in an enclosure next to the cowshed. During the day they are on a pasture.

The cattle herd also holds a bull. During the day they are grazing free, during the night they are tied up next to the cowshed lying on soil, so the cow dung can be collected in the morning. The calves are suckling but separately kept in a group in an enclosure. The cows are being milked twice a day in the cowshed.

separately kept in a group in an enclosure. The cows are being milked twice a day in the cowshed.

Development plan for animal husbandry

  • Cow and goat identification system: in process of implementation
  • Medical diary: in process of implementation
  • Dairy farming: Development of a dairy farm is in process. Construction is taking place now. Demeter standards regarding stabling, feeding, and milk processing will be applied. The farm manager in charge is going to take part in the Bio Dynamic Training conducted by the BDAI in March 2018 in Andhra Pradesh.

Concerning the Demeter husbandry regulations with regards to stabling calves, the calves are given special places to rest, allowed freely to run and approach their mother’s for feeding in their early