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The prosperity of the social, as well as the agricultural enterprise of Karmuhil Organic Farms, very much depends on the regeneration of depleted lands. Therefore, generating and maintaining a functioning and diverse ecosystem has been a crucial task for the last decade and a half (2004-2018). And those efforts will not lose their importance in the years to come!

Over the Years a total of 172 plant species have been identified on our lands (for further information see  Some of whom have been planted and some have naturally grown and regenerated, attracting and providing habitats for birds, insects and other wildlife. Peacocks, snakes (both venomous, including the cobra, and non-venomous kinds), many varieties of spiders, wild rabbits, wild boars, wild (small) cats, bandicoots, field mice, many kinds of birds of watershed areas, and even spotted deers, foxes and woveves have been sighted;  The basic principle could be formulated as “whatever grows, grows: grow to cohabit!”Efforts were taken to multiply our own seedlings in our own nursery for planting as well as to distribute to farmers

Fruit trees (Coconut, Banana, Papaya, …) and wild trees (Casuarina, …) alike are interspersed with the crops or planted along tracks, ponds, waterways or in hedges along the farm boarders, helping to protect the farm lands from outside contamination. Tropical pine trees are integrated into herbal gardens and pits containing plants naturally regenerating, undisturbed by farm activities are also meant to attract cosmic energies.

Another example of valuing biodiversity is shown in the way ‘Subabul’ trees are being made use of by providing shade for workers, animals and crop as well as providing compost material regularly by cutting back the branches, many times in the year. Conventionally ‘Subabul’ trees are seen as useless or even harmful to the enterprise because they suck up water and occupy space. Thus they usually are removed from the farm lands. Yet, by cutting the tree back to just above shoulder level, newly sprouting branches form a shading crown, easily accessible to workers for the periodical harvesting of the branches, both for composting as well as for setting up shade structures for creeper crops of vegetables, e.g., the gourds.

Furthermore, after a five year period of palmarosa cropping, the respective fields are left to regenerate as fallow lands for two years.



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